Being a fully fermented type of tea black tea is made of Camellia sinensis plant along with oolong and green teas. Withering, rolling of the tea leaves and a lasting period of fermentation are the phases of producing loose black tea. Then the tea leaves are fired turning into black tea with a complex aroma and strong flavor. Our loose black teas contain about 20% of caffeine in a cup of coffee being a good tonic tea.
History of Black Tea
It is not known exactly where and when black tea was invented, however there are two theories explaining the discovery of black tea.
The first, or the “Wuyi” theory, is important in Chinese black tea history, though it is more about the creation of oolong tea. Since the Song Dynasty in the Wuyi Mountains there had been made compressed tea cakes. The emperor of the Ming Dynasty demanded a change for loose tea production. Several attempts were made by the tea producers in this way, as a sign of fermentation the tea leaves turned red and the black tea was called red tea in China (however it should not be confused with rooibos red tea).
The second story is connected with Chinese Tong Mu village. For some time during the 16th century the production of green tea was stopped there by the army soldiers passing through the Tong Mu village. When the soldiers left the place, the piles of tea leaves, from which their beds were made, turned black. Tea production was resumed and these black tea leaves gave birth to this new type of tea.
Black Tea Health Benefits
Black tea is considered to be a very good relaxant and stress smoother. There are many other benefits of black tea, but the main is the profit for heart. Containing about 20% of caffeine in a cup of coffee black tea gently stimulates the heart and the whole blood circulatory system accordingly that helps to prevent build-ups in the arteries and veins. It also prevents heart diseases preventing the absorption of cholesterol in the blood stream. Besides, drinking black tea can lower blood pressure.
The Best Black Teas
Darjeeling Vidyaranya Black Tea is one of the best black teas. It comes from one of the oldest Indian tea plantations in the west valley Darjeeling region. Darjeeling Black Teas are called the “champagne of teas”. Another one type to be considered the best black tea is Black Dragon Pearl Black Tea coming from the Chinese province Yunnan.
The names of the most popular black teas are also worth mentioning. Masala Chai Black Tea is a spicy Indian black tea blended with ginger, cinnamon, cardamom, and vanilla. With milk and sugar this Masala Chai Black Tea turns into a delicious Chai Latte. The traditional Earl Grey is one more best flavored black tea that has several varieties. Earl Grey Crème Black Tea is a full-bodied combination of the classic Earl Grey black tea, bergamot oil, vanilla pieces and crème flavoring. And a caffeine free variety of Earl Grey is Earl Grey White Tea. At last, pu-erh teas aged up to 15 years should be mentioned. They are extremely good for body fat digesting and for weight loss.
Black Tea Preparation
To make a loose leaf black tea you will need hot water at 195º, 1.5 tsp of loose tea per 8 oz of water and steep time of 3-4 minutes. Each of Gottatea products comes with preparation instructions concerning the amount of tea to use, the water temperature, and the steep time. Please refer to the tea packages to get the proper instructions on how to make the best loose black tea.